Get The Best Bypass Surgery in India & Live Healthier

Experience renewed heart health and say goodbye to blocked arteries with coronary artery bypass graft surgery at Medified, an innovative surgical procedure that restores blood flow to the heart. This modern technique involves creating new pathways for blood to bypass narrowed or blocked arteries, ensuring optimal circulation. Benefit from swift surgery, and a speedy recovery, resulting in improved cardiac function and a revitalized quality of life. Embrace a healthier future with coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

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What is Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)?

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG), also known as bypass surgery or heart bypass surgery, is a surgical procedure used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD occurs when the coronary arteries, which supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle, become narrowed or blocked due to the buildup of plaque. CABG aims to restore blood flow to the heart by creating new routes for blood to bypass the blocked or narrowed arteries.

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Best Cardiac Surgeons for Bypass Surgery In India


Dr. Naresh Trehan

Cardiac Surgeon

40 years of experience

Dr. Z S Meharwal

Cardiac Surgeon

27 years of experience

Dr. Bhaba Nanda Das

Cardiac Surgeon

36 years of experience

Best Cardiac Hospitals for Bypass Surgery In India

Types of Bypass Surgery

There are three primary bypass surgery types:

  • Traditional CABG: To access the heart, a surgeon makes a chest incision during this surgery. The surgeon then takes a healthy blood vessel, typically from the leg or chest, and grafts it onto the blocked coronary artery, bypassing the blockage.
  • Minimally Invasive CABG: This approach involves making smaller incisions and using specialized instruments and cameras to perform the surgery. Minimally invasive CABG may result in a quicker recovery and fewer complications compared to traditional CABG.
  • Off-Pump CABG: In this technique, the heart is not stopped during the surgery, and a special device is used to stabilize the area where the graft is being placed. Off-pump CABG may be suitable for certain patients who have higher risks associated with using the heart-lung machine.

What is the procedure of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery?

During CABG surgery, the patient is placed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in the chest, typically along the breastbone (sternum). The heart is temporarily stopped, and a heart-lung bypass machine takes over the circulation of blood. The surgeon then harvests a healthy blood vessel, such as the internal mammary artery or a vein from the leg, to create the bypass graft. The graft is then attached to the blocked coronary artery, allowing blood to flow around the blockage. Once the graft is in place, the heart is restarted, and the patient is taken off the bypass machine.

What are the Advantages of a Surgical Coronary Artery Bypass Graft?

The benefits of CABG surgery include:

  • Restoring blood flow to the heart muscles can relieve symptoms such as chest pain (angina) and shortness of breath.
  • Improving overall heart function.
  • Reducing the risk of a heart attack.
  • Enhancing the patient's quality of life.
  • Extending the lifespan of patients with significant coronary artery disease.

What are the risks involved in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery?

Like any surgical procedure, CABG surgery carries some risks, which may include:

  • Infection at the incision site.
  • Bleeding.
  • Blood clots.
  • Heart, blood vessel, or other organ damage.
  • Stroke.
  • Irregular heart rhythms.
  • Kidney problems.
  • Respiratory complications.
  • Adverse reactions to anesthesia.
  • Long-term complications, such as graft blockage or progression of coronary artery disease.

When do you require Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery?

CABG surgery may be recommended in the following situations:

  • Severe coronary artery disease with significant blockages.
  • Persistent chest pain (angina) that does not respond to medications or other treatments.
  • Heart attack (myocardial infarction) caused by blocked coronary arteries.
  • Left main coronary artery disease.
  • Multiple blocked arteries in the heart.
  • Earlier treatments that didn't work, such as angioplasty or stenting.

How Should You Get Ready for a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Procedure?

To prepare for CABG surgery, your healthcare team will provide specific instructions, which may include:

  • Pre-operative tests, such as blood work, electrocardiogram (ECG), or imaging studies.
  • Medication adjustments or restrictions before the surgery.
  • Stay a set amount of time without food before the procedure.
  • Stopping smoking and avoiding alcohol consumption.
  • Informing your surgeon about any allergies or medications you are taking.
  • Planning for post-operative care and support.

What is the Typical Cost of a Surgical Coronary Artery Bypass Graft?

The cost of CABG surgery can vary depending on various factors, including the country, hospital, surgeon's fees, medical insurance coverage, and any additional complications or procedures involved. In the United States, the average cost of CABG surgery can range from $40,000 to $200,000.

Recovery after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery?

The recovery period after CABG surgery can vary for each individual, but generally involves the following:

  • Hospital Stay : Patients typically spend several days in the hospital, with the first day or two spent in the intensive care unit (ICU) for close monitoring.
  • Pain Management: Medications are provided to manage post-operative pain.
  • Physical Activity: Gradual increase in physical activity is encouraged under the guidance of healthcare professionals, starting with light exercises and gradually progressing to more strenuous activities.
  • Medications: Patients are prescribed medications to manage symptoms, prevent complications, and control risk factors such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol.
  • Cardiac Rehabilitation: Participation in a cardiac rehabilitation program is often recommended, involving exercise training, education on heart-healthy lifestyle changes, and emotional support.
  • Follow-Up Care: Regular follow-up appointments with the surgeon and other healthcare providers are necessary to monitor recovery, manage medications, and address any concerns or complications.

What are the components of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery?

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) involves the use of various components to restore blood flow to the heart by bypassing blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. The main components of CABG surgery include grafts, instruments, and the heart-lung bypass machine.

1. Grafts

Grafts are healthy blood vessels used to create bypasses around the blocked coronary arteries. The most commonly used grafts in CABG surgery are:

  • Internal Mammary Artery (IMA): The internal mammary artery, located in the chest, is the preferred graft due to its long-term success and durability. It is often used to bypass the left anterior descending (LAD) artery, one of the major arteries supplying blood to the heart.
  • Saphenous Vein:The saphenous vein, located in the leg, is another frequently used graft. During the surgery, the surgeon harvests a section of the vein and uses it to bypass the blocked coronary artery. The saphenous vein graft is commonly used when multiple bypasses are required.
  • Radial Artery: In some cases, the radial artery in the forearm may be used as a graft. It can provide good long-term results and is typically used for bypassing smaller coronary arteries.

2. Instruments

Various specialized instruments are used during CABG surgery to perform precise and controlled procedures. These instruments may include: Scalpel: A surgical knife used to make incisions in the chest or leg for accessing blood vessels or creating bypass grafts.

  • Retractors: These instruments help to hold open the chest or leg incisions, providing the surgeon with a clear view of the surgical site.
  • Forceps and Clamps: These instruments are used to handle and manipulate blood vessels during the grafting process.
  • Suturing Devices: Surgical sutures or staples are used to close incisions and secure the grafts in place.

3. Heart-Lung Bypass Machine

During CABG surgery, the heart-lung bypass machine, also known as the cardiopulmonary bypass machine, temporarily takes over the functions of the heart and lungs. It consists of several components, including: Pump: The pump circulates oxygenated blood to the body, bypassing the heart. It ensures that the body receives an adequate supply of oxygenated blood while the heart is stopped during the surgery.

  • Oxygenator: This component removes carbon dioxide from the blood and adds oxygen, mimicking the gas exchange function of the lungs.
  • Filters: The machine includes filters to remove any clots or debris from the blood before it is returned to the body.
  • Temperature Control: The bypass machine has mechanisms to control and maintain the patient's body temperature during the surgery.

Frequently Ask Questions?

Bypass surgery is a serious and major surgical procedure used to treat coronary artery disease, a condition where the blood vessels supplying the heart become narrowed or blocked.

In bypass surgery, a healthy blood vessel (often from the leg or chest) is taken and grafted onto the blocked coronary artery. This creates a new pathway for blood to flow around the blockage, restoring blood flow to the heart muscle.

With proper post-operative care and lifestyle changes, most individuals can live a full and normal life after bypass surgery. However, it is important to follow the doctor's instructions and make necessary lifestyle modifications for long-term health.

The cost of bypass surgery in India can vary depending on factors such as the hospital, location, surgeon's fees, and the complexity of the procedure. It is best to consult with specific hospitals or healthcare providers for accurate pricing information.

The success rate of bypass surgery is generally high. However, it can vary depending on the patient's overall health, the extent of the disease, and other factors. In general, the procedure has a high success rate in improving blood flow to the heart and reducing symptoms.

Common side effects of bypass surgery may include pain or discomfort at the incision site, fatigue, swelling, and temporary cognitive difficulties. Complications can also occur, although they are rare, and may include infections, bleeding, blood clots, or damage to the heart or other organs. It is important to discuss potential risks and side effects with your doctor before the surgery.